Sonia Delaunay was born on the 14th November 1885 and died on the 5th December 1979. She was a well-known and well respected Jewish-French artist. Her husband Robert Delaunay and others cofounded the Orphism art movement and was noted for its use of strong and bold colours and geometric shapes. Her work consists of paintings and textile designs along with stage set design. She was the first living female artist to have a retrospective exhibition at the Louvre museum, France, in 1975.
Her work was based on modern design and included the concepts of geometric shapes and abstraction, the integration of furniture, wall coverings, fabrics and clothing.
Orphism (1911 - 1913)
In 1911, she created a patchwork quilt for her son’s crib, which is now in her collection at the Musee National d’Art Moderne in Paris. It was created to experiment with the use of colour and geometric shapes from the artist’s work she had seen before and used as inspiration.
She famously stated
"About 1911 I had the idea of making for my son, who had just been born, a blanket composed of bits of fabric like those I had seen in the houses of Russian peasants. When it was finished, the arrangement of the pieces of material seemed to me to evoke cubist conceptions and we then tried to apply the same process to other objects and paintings."
Her work was associated with cubism at the time due to the geometric shapes and the use of colours and cubism was very popular at the time she was creating her work so it came across as though it had inspired her work, which you could say it did due to the shapes and colours. Other artists and designers used her version as inspiration to create their work as it did so well and was well recogniseable.
After her paintings she began to create and design print for fabrics and then took up the role of being a textile designers as well as being an artist. Her husband did more of the art work whereas she did the textile and fabric side of things as well as creating some garments to show the prints off and the paintings. Her garments sometimes seemed structured, which linked to her work well as it was very structured due to the geometric shapes and use of colour, which made them stand out.
28/11/12 - information